Digestive system quiz / gastrointestinal system quiz questions / GI system quizlet

 Digestive system quiz

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Q.1.Identify the image shown below ?

1.Vascular clamp

2. Uterine clamp

3. Intestinal clamp

4. Venous clamp

Correct answer-Intestinal clamp

Q.2.The physician has ordered atropine sulfate 0.5mg IM before surgery. The medication is supplied in 1mg per milliliter. nurse should administer how many ml medication?

1. 0.25 ml

2. 0.5 ml

3. 1.0 ml

4. 1.25 ml

Correct answer-0.5 ml

Q.3.A client is being monitored using a central venous pressure monitor. If pressure is 2 cm H2O, the nurse should

1. Call the doctor immediately

2. Slow the intravenous infusion

3. Listen to the lungs for rales

4. Administer a diuretic

Correct answer-Call the doctor immediately

Q.4. nurse is taking the vital signs of the client admitted pancreas cancer . nurse is aware Which fifth vital sign

1. Anorexia

2. Pain

3. Insomnia

4. Fatigue

Correct answer-Pain

Q.5. Identify the image shown below ?

1. Desjardins stone forceps

2. Maggil's forceps

3, Sponge holding forceps

4. Lister forceps

Correct answer-Desjardins stone forceps

Q.6. a nurse is planning care for a celiac disease patient. In teaching about the diet, should the nurse instruct the patient to avoid which of the following for breakfast?

1. Puffed wheat

2. Banana

3. Puffed rice

4. Cornflakes

Correct answer-Puffed wheat

Q.7. Identify the image shown below ?

1. Salem sump tube

2. Ryles tube

3. Levin tube

4. Pigtail tube

Correct answer-Levin tube

Q.8. Identify the image shown below?

1.Skin stapler

2. Trucut Biopsy gun

3. Linear stapler

4. MIPH gun

Correct answer-Linear stapler

Q.9. In the human body ,which structure is the appendix attached to ?

1. The large intestine

2. The small intestine

3. The gallbladder

4. The stomach

Correct answer-The large intestine

Q.10..The hormone secretin and pancreozymin are secreted by ?

1. Duodenum

2. Jejunum

3. Appendix

4. Liver

Correct answer-Duodenum

Q.11. Name of the duodenal hormone is:-

1. Gastrin

2. Gastric inhibiting peptide

3. Cholecystokinin

4. Acid pepsin

Correct answer-Cholecystokinin

Q.12. If gut motility is increased then:-

1. Drug absorption is decreased

2. Drug absorption is increased

3. Drug absorption is not affected

4. Nothing definite can be said

Correct answer-Drug absorption is decreased

Q.13. A gland which can be classified as an endocrine and as an exocrine gland is :-

1. Thyroid

2. Thymus

3. Pancreas

4. Pituitary

Correct answer-Pancreas

Q.14. Islets of langerhans are concentrated in which Portion of pancreas?

1. Uncinate process

2. Tail

3. Body

4. Head

Correct answer-Tail

Q.15.. Which of the following is not the function of the liver ?

1. Production of bile

2. Detoxification of the drug

3. Formation of clotting factors

4. Storage of bile

Correct answer- Storage of bile

Q.16. Cholesterol is important in the human body for ?

1. Angiogenesis

2. Cell membrane structure

3. Enzyme synthesis

4. Osteogenesis

Correct answer-Cell membrane structure

Q.17. Normal portal vein pressure is :-

1. 10-30 mmhg

2. 5-10 mmhg

3. 20-40 mmhg

4. 50-100 mmhg

Correct answer-5-10 mmhg

Q.18.. identify the image shown below?

1. Maggil's forceps

2. Intestinal clamp

3. Gall bladder clamp

4. Vascular clamp

Correct answer-Vascular clamp

Q.19..Feeling of fullness , discomfort,nausea and anorexia is termed as:-

1. Satiated

2. Dyspepsia

3. Dysphasia

4. Malaise

Correct answer-Dyspepsia

Q.20. Hepatitis A infection spread by ?

1. Oral route

2. Sexual route

3. Contaminated needle

4. Air

Correct answer-Oral route

Q.21.How much bile secreted in 24 hours ?

1. 500 ml

2. 750 ml

3. 1000 ml

4. 1250 ml

Correct answer-500 ml

Q.22.How much blood is store & filter in liver ?

1. 50-100 ml

2. 100-200 ml

3. 200-400 ml

4. 400-600 ml

Correct answer-200-400 ml

Q.23. Which is the most common site to develop peptic ulcer ?

1. Stomach

2. Jejunum

3. Duodenum

4. Fundic area

Correct answer-Duodenum

Q.24. Pyrosis is ?

1. Severe pain

2. Heartburn

3. Acidity

4. Severe vomiting

Correct answer-Heartburn

Q.25. Fistulas are most common with which of the following bowel disorders ?

1. Crohn's disease

2. Diverticulitis

3, Diverticulosis

4. Ulcerative colitis

Correct answer-Crohn's disease

Q.26. In diverticulitis ,which diet is suitable ?

1. High fiber diet

2. Low fiber diet

3. High fiber with high fat diet

4. High fiber with low fat diet

Correct answer-Low fiber diet

Q.27.Which of the following associated disorders may the client with Crohn's disease exhibit.?

1. Ankylosing spondylitis

2. Colon cancer

3. Malabsorption

4. Lactase deficiency

Correct answer-Malabsorption

Q.28.Which of the following complications is thought to be the most common cause of appendicitis ?

1. A fecalith

2. Bowel kinking

3. Internal bowel occlusion

4. Abdominal bowel swelling

Correct answer-A fecalith

Q.29. Which of the following nursing interventions should be implemented to manage a client with appendicitis ?

1. Assessing for pain

2. Encouraging oral intake of clear fluids

3. Providing discharge teaching

4. Assessing for symptoms of peritonitis

Correct answer-Assessing for symptoms of peritonitis

Q.30. The place where digested molecules of food ,water and minerals are absorbed ?

1. Small intestine

2. Large intestine

3. Mouth

4. Rectum

Correct answer-Small intestine

Q.31. An example of an H2 receptor blocker is ?

1. Pantop

2. Digin

3. Metronidazole

4. Ranitidine

Correct answer-Ranitidine

Q.32.Iron absorption take place in ?

1. Stomach

2. Duodenum

3. Ileum

4. Large intestine

Correct answer-Duodenum

Q.33.. Identify the GI surgery procedure ?

1. Billroth I

2. Billroth II

3. Hepaticojejunostomy

4. Hepaticoduodenostomy

Correct answer-Billroth I

Q.34. Identify the surgery procedure given below ?

1. Werthems procedure

2. Billroth I procedure

3. Whipple procedure

4. Hepatopancreatostomy

Correct answer-Whipple procedure

Q.35. Which diet is associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer?

1. Low protein, complex carbohydrates

2. High protein, simple carbohydrates

3. High fat, refined carbohydrates

4. Low carbohydrates, complex proteins

Correct answer-High fat, refined carbohydrates

Q.36. A client with an inguinal hernia asks the nurse why he should have sur-gery when he has had a hernia for years. The nurse understands thatsurgery is recommended to:

1. Prevent strangulation of the bowel

2. Prevent malabsorptive disorders

3. Decrease secretion of bile salts

4. Increase intestinal motility

Correct answer-Prevent strangulation of the bowel

Q.37. The nurse is completing an assessment history of a client with perni-cious anemia. Which complaint differentiates pernicious anemia fromother types of anemia?

1. Difficulty in breathing after exertion

2. Numbness and tingling in the extremities

3. A faster than usual heart rate

4. Feelings of lightheadedness

Correct answer-Numbness and tingling in the extremities

Q.38.Identify the no.o of surgical blade shown in below image?

1. 10 no.

2. 11 no.

3. 15 no.

4. 23 no.

Correct answer-15 no.

Q.39. Currant jelly stool is a manifestation of :-

1. TEF

2. Intussusception

3. Hirschsprung disease

4. Anorectal malformation

Correct answer-Intussusception

Q.40. The most common site of occuring peptic ulcer in stomach ?

1. Pyloric portion

2. Cardiac portion

3. Esophageal junction

4. Body of the stomach

Correct answer-Pyloric portion

Q.41.The main action of ranitidine in treating peptic ulcer is :-

1. Increase gastric motility

2. Neutralize gastric acidity

3. Inhibit gastric acid secretion

4. Increase histamine release

Correct answer-Inhibit gastric acid secretion

Q.42.Common location of liver abscess is ?

1. Right lobe of liver

2. Left lobe of liver

3. Middle lobe of liver

4. All the lobes

Correct answer-Right lobe of liver

Q.43. Hepatitis is highly infectious during ......period ?

1. Convalescent period

2. Remission period

3. Incubation period

4. Relapse period

Correct answer-Incubation period

Q.44. The type of hernia that is more prone to become strangulated is ?

1. Inguinal hernia

2. Femoral hernia

3. Hiatal hernia

4. Umbilical hernia

Correct answer-Femoral hernia

Q.45. As compared to diverticulitis,patient with diverticulosis has ..

1. Rectal bleeding

2. No symptoms

3. Localized cramping pain

4. Abdominal distension

Correct answer-No symptoms

Q.46. Absent or ineffective peristaltic movement of the distal oesophagus is ?

1. Achalasia

2. Paralytic ileus

3. Aganglionic mega colon


Correct answer-Achalasia

Q.47. Ryles tube of 14 no., colour code is ?

1. Red

2. Green

3. Blue

4. Orange

Correct answer-Green

Q.48.Below given image instrument,which blade no.is loaded ?


1. 20 no.

2. 23 no.

3. 11 no.

4. 24 no.

Correct answer-11 no.

Q.49. Hemoglobin metabolism release all except?

1. Biliverdin

2. Bilirubin

3. Interferon

4. Urobilinogen

Correct answer-Interferon

Q.50. pH of stomach is ?

1. 3-7

2. 0.9-1.2

3. 6-8

4. 4-7

Correct answer-0.9-1.2

Q.51.Hyperlipidemia is seen in ?

1. Hypothyroidism

2. Nephrotic syndrome

3. Metabolic syndrome

4. All of the above

Correct answer- All of the above

Q.52. Hiatal hernia present with ?

1. Dysphagia

2. Regurgitation

3. Heartburn and chest pain

4. All of the above

Correct answer- All of the above

Q.53.Complication of chronic pancreatitis include the following ?

1. Deficiency of fat soluble vitamin

2. Pseudocyst

3. Diabetes mellitus

4. All of the above

Correct answer-All of the above

Q.54.Identify DNA virus among the following ?

1. Hepatitis A

2. Hepatitis B

3. Hepatitis C

4. Hepatitis D virus

Correct answer- Hepatitis B

Q.55.Which is not pre hepatic jaundice ?

1. Hemolysis

2. Ineffective erythropoiesis

3. Obstructive jaundice

4. Both A and B

Correct answer- Obstructive jaundice

Q.56.Stone in bile duct is known as ?

1. Choledocholithiasis

2. Cholelithiasis

3. Cholangitis

4. Jaundice

Correct answer- Choledocholithiasis

Nursing Officer

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