Nursing officer paper Nagpur AIIMS

Nursing officer paper (AIIMS Nagpur) Answer key with Rational 

Q.1 What is the full form of ACTH?

1. Adreno cortico Tropic hormone  
2. Angiotensin converting enzyme 

3. Acetylcholine      
4. Angiotensin converting hormone

Right Answered : 1 

Q.2 Inhibin is secreted by ?

1. Stroma
2. Leydig cells               

3. Corpus luteum 
4. Surface epithelium

Right Answered : 3
  • Inhibin secreted mainly by the corpus luteum, and give negative feedback control FSH secretion
  • Leydig cells secretean Adrogens ( testosterone )
  • Inhibins secreted by the Sertoli cells in the testis

Q.3 Calorie intake of 1 year old child ?

1. 1000 Kcal/day                                                  
2. 800 Kcal/day
3. 1200 Kcal/day                                                  
4. 1500 Kcal/day

Right Answered : 1

Estimated calories needed by children range 

 body weight 








     - 500 46


 80 Kcal/kg/day

 1.69  g/kg/day

 19 500 5




 27 600 9




 25 600 13




 30 600 16







Q.4 The famous 14 principles of Management was first defined by ? 

1. Elton Mayo                                                       
2. Adam Smith
3. Henri Fayol                                                      
4. James Watt

Right Answered : 3

Q.5 A nurse demonstrates caring, sincerity, empathy and trustworthiness?

1. Ethical nurse-patient interaction                  
2. Emotional nurse-patient interaction
3. Legal nurse-patient interaction                      
4. Therapeutic nurse-patient interaction

Right Answered : 4

Q.6 Vaccines and toxoids produce ?

1. Passive immunity                                            
2. Acquired immunity 
3. Active immunity                                              
4. Natural immunity

Right Answered : 3

Q.7 A 45 days old infant development icterus and two days' later symptoms and signs of 
acute liver failure appeared. Child was found to be B+ve for HbsAg. The mother was
also HbsAg carrier. The mother's hepatitis B serological profile is likely to be ? 

1. Hbs Ag and anti Hbe Ab +ve                        
2. Mother infected with mutant HBV
3. Hbs Ag +ve only                                              
4. Hbs Ag and Ab +ve

Right Answered : 4 

Q.8 Lactated Ringer's solution is contraindicated in ?

1. Fluid lost as bile or diarrhea                          
2. Hypovolemia
3. Lactic acidosis                                                  
4. Burns

Right Answered :  3

Ringer's lactate solution (RL), also known as sodium lactate solution and Hartmann's solution.

Q.9 These agents decrease intestinal muscle tone to slow passage of feces ?

1. Hypertonic                                                          
2. Cathartics
3. Laxatives                                                            
4. Anti-diarrheal opiate agents.

Right Answered : 4

Cathartics and laxatives increase the motility of the intestine or increase the bulk of feces.

Q.10 An infant is to receive thyroxin sodium, 0.35 mg once a day orally. The medications is

available in elixir from 0.25 mg/mL. How much elixir should the nurse administer?

1. 1.4 mL           2. 1.0 mL

3. 2.4 mL           4. 1.3 mL 

Right Answered : 1 

Q.11 A 34-year-old woman complaints about pain due to lower abdominal cramping, 

urine hCG is positive and pelvic ultrasound  reveals a 10-week intrauterine pregnancy. 

The patient states that she is not sure whether to keep the pregnancy. Which of 

the following is the most appropriate next step in management? 

1. Inform the patient's parents                        
2. Inform the patient's partner
3. Counsel the patient or refer to an appropriate counselor
4. Termination of pregnancy

Right Answered : 3 

Q.12 Based on the knowledge of electroconvulsive treatment, the nurse explains to the student nurses 

that atropine is given before the treatment primarily to?

1. Increase body secretions                                
2. Decrease anxiety
3. Prevent aspiration                                          
4. Minimize intestinal contractions

Right Answered : 3

Q.13 Modifies ECT is not given frequently on routine practice because of ?

1. Osteoporosis                                                   
2. Non availability of anesthetist 
3. Respiratory difficulties                        
4.myocardial infarction

Right Answered : 2

Q.14 In depression there is deficiency of:

1. 5-HT                                                                    
3. Acetylcholine                                                    
4. Dopamine 

Right Answered : 1 

 Neurotransmitter  Change


 Dopamine  Increased  Schizophrenia
 Dopamine  Decrease  Parkinsonism
 Serotonin (5-hydroxytrytamine) and 

Nor-adrenalin (Nor-epinephrine)

 Increased  Mania
 Serotonin (5-hydroxy-trytamine) and 

Nor-adrenalin (Nor-epinephrine)


Depression, OCD and sleep

& eating disorder


 Increased  Parkinson's disease

 Decrease  Dementia

Decrease  Anxiety disorder,

Q.15 An acid-fast bacillus which is pathogenic ?

1. Salmonella typhi                                            
2. Coryne bacterium diphtheria 
3. Mycobacterium leprae                    
4.bascillus pertusis

Right Answered : 3 

Q.16 The spinal cord is made up of 7 cervical vertebrae, 5 lumber vertebrae, 4 or 5 fused sacral vertebrae, 4 or 5 coccygeal vertebrae and how many thoracic vertebrae? 

1. 10                                      2. 8

3. 5                                        4. 12 

Right Answered : 4

Q.17 Which of the following means translating the message into verbal and nonverbal symbol to communicate the receiver? 

1. Feedback                  2. Encoding 

3. Decoding                 4. Channel

Right Answered : 3

Q.18 Eugenics means ?

1. Improvement of environment                    
2. Improvement of genetic endowment 
3. Genetic preventive measures                      
4. Genetic counseling 

Right Answered : 2

Q.19 When using nonverbal communication in a nurse-client relationship, the nurse must be most aware of ?

1. Ethnic background                                         
2. The client’s development level 
3. Contradictions to the clients                        
4. Nervous hand movements 

Right Answered : 4

Q.20 How does audit differ from research? 

1. It does not increase our understanding of the topic itself or allow us to transfer the results to other situations 
2. It is more likely to be applicable to nursing 
3. It can be carried out on inanimate objects       
4. It does not need as many people to collect the information 

Right Answered : 4 

Q.21 Which of the following intervention demonstrate the nurse understand about the newborn's thermo-regulatory ability? 

1. Inspecting the newborn's umbilical cord 
2. Placing the newborn under a radiant warmer 
3. Suctioning with a bulb syringe 
4. Obtaining an APGAR score 

Right Answered : 2

Q.22 What is the most serious complication of meningitis in young children? 

1. Epilepsy                                                            
2. Communicating hydrocephalus 
3. Peripheral circulatory collapse                   
4. Blindness 

Right Answered : 2

Q.23 Additional defects associated with exstrophy of bladder is: 

1. Imperforate rash                                            
2. Absence of one kidney 
3. Congenital heart disease                                
4. Pubic bone malformation 

Right Answered : 4

Q.24 7.0 is the normal pH of the: 

1. Fluid within a typical cell                             
2. Blood in the renal artery 
3. Urine                                                                  
4. Blood in the testicular vein  

Right Answered : 1 
Q.25 Causative organism of infectious mononucleosis is: 

1. Varicella zoster virus     
2. Toxoplasma 
3. Cytomegalovirus          
4. Epstein-Barr Virus 

Right Answered : 4

  •  mononucleosis also known kissing disease or  glandular fever  is an infection usually caused by  Epstein–Barr virus (EBV)
  • Varicella zoster virus causes chickenpox
  • Toxoplasmosis is an infection Toxoplasma parasite  , one of the world's most common 
  • parasites. Infection usually occurs by eating under-cooked contaminated meat, exposure from infected cat feces, or mother-to-child transmission during pregnancy.

Q.26 All the following are a good source of Omega 3 PUFA except: 

1. Ground oil                  
2. Corn oil 
3. Mustard oil                 
4. Fish oil 

Right Answered : 3  

Q.27 Inadequate intake by the pregnant woman of which vitamin can cause neural tube detect? 

1. Niacin              
2. Thiamine 
3. Folic acid         
4. Riboflavin 

Right Answered : 3

  • Niacin synthesized essential amino acid → tryptophan
  • Niacin deficiency cause → pellagra disease (3Ds→diarrhea, dementia, dermatitis)
  • pellagra→maize eating population
  • Thiamine→1. Beriberi it also called Rice eaters disease, 2. Korsakoffs syndrome

Q.28 Acid medium of vaginal maintained by: 

1. Trichomonas vaginalis           
2. Staphylococci 
3. Doderleins bacilli                   
4. E-coli 

Right Answered : 3 

Q.29 Nurse's main priority assessment while caring for the client having spontaneous abortion

1. Subinvolution            
2. Hemorrhage 
3. Hypertension             
4. Dehydration 

Right Answered : 2 

Q.30 Passive immunity against tetanus is obtained by the administration of: 

1. Tetanus immunoglobulin          
2. DT 
3. TT                                             
4. DPT 

Right Answered : 1 

Q.31 The system of evaluation where an employee is measured against his/her co-worker is 


1. Ranking                
2. Critical incidents 
3. Reports                 
4. Graphic records 

Right Answered : 1 

Q.32 Nursing care that is based on identifying and meeting the needs of a patient is called: 

1. Prioritization            
2. Hegar sign 
3. Goal-oriented          
4. Client-oriented 

Right Answered : 4 

Q.33 When palpating a abdomen of hypertrophic pyloric stenosis infant, the nurse finds: 

1. Marked tenderness around the abdomen 
2. Rhythmic peristaltic waves in the lower abdomen 
3. Distended colon        
4. An olive sized mass in right upper abdomen

Right Answered : 4 

note S/S →forceful & projectile vomiting

Q.34 OSCE Means: 

1. Observation structured Clinical Examination 

2. Observation subject Clinical Examination 

3. Objective structured Clinical Examination 

4. Objective subjective Clinical Examination 

Right Answered : 1 

Q.35 Maize is deficit in: 

1. Threonine       2. Tryptophan 

3. Methionine     4. Leucine 

Right Answered : 2 

Q.36 The following delusions are common in depression except: 

1. Delusion of poverty         
2. Delusion of persecution 
3. Delusion of grandeur       
4. Delusion of Nihilism 

Right Answered : 3

Q.37 Nursing has a code of ethics that professional registered nurses follow and ?

1. Ensures identical care to all clients            
2. Improves self-health care 
3. Defines the principles by which nurses provide care to their clients 
4. Protects the client from harm

Right Answered : 3

Q.38 Motilin is secreted by cells in: 

1. Liver                     
2. Pancreas 
3. Oesophagus          
4. Ileum 

Right Answered : 4 

Motilin is secreted by  M cells,  that are in Peyer's patches in crypts of the small intestine, especially in the duodenum and jejunum.

Q.39 The patient has to undergo a loop electro surgical excision procedure (LEEP), which of the 
following represents the potential long-term complications from this procedure? 

1. Cervical incompetence and cervical stenosis         
2. Constipation 
3. Hernia and intra-peritoneal adhesions                     
4. Abscess 

Right Answered : 1 

Q.40 Socialization into one's primary culture as a child is known as ?

1. Assimilation                  
2. Acculturation 
3. Enculturation                
4. Biculturation

Right Answered : 3

Q.41 Rorschach Inkblot test, Thematic apperception test are based on the phenomenon of ?

1. Observation      2. Transference 

3. Projection         4. Identification 

Right Answered : 3

Q.42 Hygiene factors and motivational factors are key concepts in: 

1. Goal setting theory                                         2. Herzberg's two factor theory 

3. Maslow's hierarchy of needs                        4. Expectancy theory 

Right Answered : 2 

Q.43 The characteristic of an ideal normal distribution curve is 

1. Its symmetrical around the mean                2. Prescription 

3. Mean, median ad mode do not coincide      4. Bell shaped

Right Answered : 4
  •  bell curve is perfectly symmetrical. It is concentrated around the peak and decreases on either side. 

Q.44 Modern concept of chemotherapy was proposed by:

 1. Jospeh lister                 2. Metchnikoff
3. Paul ehrlich                  4. Frankel

Right Answered : 1 

Q.45 Epidemic dropsy is due to ? 

1. BOAA                      2. Sanguinarine

3. Ergot                       4. Aflatoxin

Right Answered : 2
  • Dropsy→ An old term for the swelling ( edema ) of soft tissues due to the accumulation of excess water.
  • Sanguinarine is a toxic polycyclic ammonium ion.
  • Epidemic dropsy is caused by sanguinarine, an alkaloid constituent of several plantsincluding the Mexican poppyArgemone mexicana a widely used cooking oil  mustard seed, Argemone has led to outbreaks so-called epidemic dropsy

Q.46 The continuing process of measuring services, products and practices of an organization against the strongest competitors in quality control and quality assurance is known as ? 

1. Quality Improvement              2. Bench Marking

 3. Auditing                                 4. Quality Assurance

Right Answered : 2

Q.47 The genetic material, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is contained in ? 

1. Chromatin                     2. Nucleoli 

3. Chromosome               4. Nucleus

Right Answered : 4 

Q.48 Ketone bodies are found in urine of patients with uncontrolled diabetes due to ?

1. Increased metabolism of fat                 
2. Decomposition of excess sugar in blood

 3. Impaired kidney function                   
 4. Increased metabolism of protein

Right Answered : 1 

Q.49 The best and safest method of sterilization is ?

 1. Immersion in chemical germicide                 2. Flaming 

3. Autoclaving                                                    4. Boiling for 30 minutes

Right Answered : 3

Q.50 What is the major nursing responsibility when administering sulfomide preparation? 

 1. Monitor child's temperature                           2. Weigh the child daily

 3. Give milk with medication                             4. Administer the drug at prescribed times

Right Answered : 4

Q.51 The visceral pleura is ? 

1. The membrane lining surface of the lungs 

2. The membrane lining the wall of the thoracic cavity 

3. The thinnest portion of the peritoneum      4. The fluid around the lungs

Right Answered : 1 

Q.52 Which of the following techniques are examples of nontherapeutic communication? 

 1. Giving advice                     2. Focusing 

3. Restating                             4. Paraphrasing

Right Answered : 1 

Q.53 Major approaches in problem solving are: ?

 1. Inductive, deductive, active, analytic 

2. Inductive, deductive, purposive, synthetic

 3. Inductive, deductive, initiative, synthetic 

4. Inductive, deductive, analytic, synthetic

Right Answered : 4 

Q.54 Acute illness refers to an illness that ?

 1. Is longer than 6 months, and can also effect functioning in any dimension 
2. Is synonymous with disease 
3. Has a short duration and is severe 
4. Causes and irreversible condition

Right Answered : 3 

Q.55 Intrinsic factor of castle is secreted by ? 

1. Parietal cells                          2. Mucus cells 

3. B-Cells                                     4. Chief cells

Right Answered : 1 
  • Parietal cells are epithelial cells in fundus-body region of  stomach. that secrete HCl and intrinsic factor.→which is a vitamin B12-binding protein.
  • chief cells , are in stomach that release pepsinogen.

Q.56 Which mode of clinical application for qualitative research is considered to be the sharing of qualitative findings with the patient ?  

 1. Coaching                                                           2. Empathy 

 3. Anticipatory guidance                                   4. Assessment of progress

Right Answered : 3 

Q.57 An order for prednisolone reads 10 mg four times a day. The dose for the child is 2 mg/day. How many pounds does the child weigh? 

 1. 36 pounds                        2. 44 pounds 

3. 40 pounds                         4. 46 pounds

Right Answered : 2 

Q.58 Thiamine has been prescribed for an alcoholic patient. the rationale for administration of this, medication is the prevention of ? 

1. Huntington's disease                                     2. Alcoholic dementia 

3. Alcohol withdrawal syndrome                    4. Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome

Right Answered : 4

Q.59 Which is the most relevant knowledge about oxygen administration to a client with COPD? 

1. Oxygen is administered best using a nonrebreather mask 

2. Blood gases are monitored using a pulse oximeter. 

3. Hypoxia stimulates the central chemoreceptors I the medulla that makes the client breath.

4. Oxygen at 1-2 L/mi is given to maintain the hypoxic stimulus for breathing

Right Answered : 4

Q.60 Which of the following statement is not applicable to using a evidence-base in nursing practice? 

 1. To ensure the best quality of care given to patients 

2. To ensure that nursing decisions are based on the best quality of evidence. 

3. The use of research evidence in nursing practice does not need to be evaluated after it is used or implemented. 

4. Evidence used in nursing practice must be appraised for its validity and applicability

Right Answered : 3 

Q.61 Assessing the laboratory findings which results would the nurse most likely expect to find in a client with chronic renal failure ? 

1. Decreased serum calcium, blood pH 7.2, Potassium 6.5 m Eq/L 

2. BUN 35 to 40 mg/dl, Potassium 3.5 mEq/L, Ph 7.35, decreased serum calcium 

3. BUN 15 mg/dl, increased serum calcium, creatinine 1.0 mg/dl 

4. BUN 10 to 30 mg/dl, creatinine 0.5 to 1.5 mg/dl

Right Answered : 1 

Q.62 Which of the following help prevent water loss through skin? 

1. Melanin                               2. Carotene 

3. Keratin                                 4. Collagen

Right Answered : 3

Q.63 The situation in which individuals have excessive worry or belief that they are suffering from a physical illness despite lack of medical evidence is known as ? 

1. Dissociative disorder                                     2. Pain disorder 

3. Somatoform disorder                                    4. Phobic disorder

Right Answered : 3 

Dissociative disorders are mental disorders that involve experiencing a disconnection and lack of continuity between thoughts, memories, surroundings, actions and identity.

Q.64 Sunken fontanelle is a sign of ? 

1. Turners syndrome                                         2. Hydrocephalus 

3. Down's syndrome                                           4. Dehydration

Right Answered : 4 

Q.65 Elements of primary healthcare are the following except ?  

1. Health education                                            2. Intersectoral coordination 

3. Provision of essential drugs                   4. Cost effectiveness

Right Answered : 4

Q.66 Disposal of expired and cytotoxic drugs is by ? 

1. Autoclaving                                                      2. Municipal waste 

3. Chemical treatment                                       4. Separate landfill disposal

Right Answered : 4 

Q.67 The ability of a person to readily recover from stressful situations is called ? 

1. Mental freedom               2. Androgyny 

3. Resilience                        4. Hardiness

Right Answered : 3 

Q.68 A method in which several rounds of questions are given to a panel of experts is called ? 

1. Q-sort methodology                                       2. Content analysis 

3. Delphi technique                                            4. Meta-analysis

Right Answered : 3 

Q.69 Which of the following is a differentiating test between mucus and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from a nasal discharge? 

1. Specific gravity                           2. Protein 

3. Microorganism                           4. Glucose

Right Answered : 4 

Q.70 The nurse is informed that a client with a large surgical incision is being transferred from the intensive care unit to the surgical unit. What medication does the nurse anticipate the physician will order for this client? 

1. Ascorbic acid                           2. Vitamin A 

3. Vitamin B12 complex            4. Mephyton

Right Answered : 1 

Q.71 Before the placenta functions the corpus luteum is the primary source of synthesis of which of the following hormones ? 

1. T4 and TSH                                                      2. Estrogen and progesterone 

3. Cortisol and thyroxine                                  4. LH and FSH

Right Answered : 2 

Q.72 The following develops as a result of a nurse's experience in a specific clinical area, the time the nurse has been in practice, and the quality of relationships the nurse has formed with clients ? 

 1. Knowing clients                   2. Leadership 

3. Personal ethics               4. Ability to delegate care

Right Answered : 1 

Q.73 Which of the following is most appropriate intervention to reduce stress in a preterm infant at 32 week gestation? 

 1. An attitude of extension when prone or side lying 

2. Sensory stimulation including several senses at a time 

3. Kangaroo care 

4. Tactile stimulation until signs of over stimulation develop

Right Answered : 3

Q.74 Which type of leadership theories consider people inherit certain qualities that make them better suited to leadership? 

1. Contingency theories                  2. Trait theories 

3. Situational theories                    4. Behavioral theories

Right Answered : 3

Q.75 Oligohydramnios is related which of the following condition?  

1. Renal Agenesis                                                2. Esophageal atresia 

3. Anencephaly                                                    4. Down syndrome

Right Answered : 1 

Q.76 Lochia alba follows lochia serosa and usually lasts from the 1st to 3rd week PP. What is lochia? 

 1. Brown to red contains decidual cells and leukocytes 

2. Creamy white-brown, contains decidual cells, may have stale odor 

3. Brown to red, tissue fragments, odor 

4. Creamy white-brown, stale order

Right Answered : 2

  •  Lochia Rubra → Dark Red → Lasts 3 - 4 Days

  • It Occurring a few days after delivery, it is mainly made up of blood, bits of fetal membranes, decidua, meconium, and cervical discharge

  •  Lochia Serosa  Pinkish Brown Lasts 4 - 10 Days

  • It contains less red blood cells and has more white blood cells, wound discharge from the placental, and mucus from the cervix.

  • Lochia Alba Whitish Yellow Lasts 10 - 28 Days

  • For about 1 - 2 weeks, whitish turbid fluid drains from the vagina which mainly consists of decidual -cells  mucus, white blood cells, and epithelial cells.

Q.77 One function of parasympathetic nervous system is? 

1. Stimulating of sweat gland                              2. Constriction of pupil. 

3. Contraction of hair muscles                            4. Acceleration of heart beat

Right Answered : 2

Q.78 Using precise methods to investigate problems and arrive at solutions is called ? 

1. Scientific problem solving                            2. Critical thinking 

3. Trial and error                                                4. Planning and execution

Right Answered : 1

Q.79 A 22-year-old Megha comes to the doctor because of a missed menstrual period. she has hypothyroidism for which she takes thyroxine; she has an artificial heart valve, for which she takes Coumadin, and she recently started tetracycline for acne. Urine human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is positive. Which of the following medication should the patient continue to take during pregnancy? 

 1. Tetracycline          2. Coumadin 

3. Thyroxine             4. Oral contraceptive pill 

Right Answered : 3

Coumadin (warfarin) →Crosses placenta and may cause fatal hemorrhage in the fetus. May also cause congenital malformation.

Q.80 The junction at which an impulse travels from one neuron to another is called as ? 

1. Stimulus           2. Nerve message 

3. Synapse           4. Axon

Right Answered : 3 


Nursing Officer

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