Endocrine system quiz questions / endocrine system disorder / endocrine system exam questions

 Endocrine system quiz questions

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endocrine system disorder mcq

1. The master gland of body is

a) Hypophysis gland

b) Thyroid gland

c) Adrenal gland

d) Hypothalamus


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2. Glycosylated hemoglobin is.

a) Hb bounded to glycogen

b) Hb bonded to glucose

c) Hb suggested to blood cancer

d) None of above


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3. In addisonian crisis which vital parameter should be taken carefully & frequently

a) Temperature

b) Pulse

c) Blood pressure

d) Respiration

answer-: C

4. The anatomical location of thyroid gland is at the level Of

a) Thoracic vertebrae

b) Sacral vertebrae

c) Lumbar vertebrae

d) Cervical vertebrae


5. The most common drug used to treat Grave's disease is

a) Levothyroxine

b) Propylthiouracil

c) Diamox

d) Prednisolone


6. Dawn phenomenon is mainly characterized by

a) Pre Breakfast hyperglycemia

b) Postbreakfast hyperglycemia

c) Pre Breakfast hypoglycemia

d) Postbreakfast hypoglycemia


7.) The clinical manifestation of phenylketonuria is

a) Fever

b) Diarrhea

c) Hypopigmentation of skin & hair

d) Dark colored skin


8) Thyroid lobes are formed by

a) Squamous epithelium

b) Cuboidal epithelium

c) Stratified epithelium

d) Columnar epithelium


9. A person admitted in endocrine ward with diagnosis of Cushing syndrome, which blood investigation should be done regularly

a) Hemoglobin level

b) WBC

c) Blood sugar

d) Scrum protein


10. Which is not a clinical manifestation of insulin dependent diabetes mellitus

a) Polyphagia

b) Polyurea

c) Polyphagia

d) Polydipsia


(11) The weight of pituitary gland is

a) 5 mg

b) 50 mg

c) 500 mg

d) 5000 mg


(12) Fructosamine means

a) Increased fructose level

b) Glycosylated serum albumin

c) Fructose bound to albumin

d) All of these


13. The hypersecretion of glucocorticoids from adrenal cortex can cause

a) Cushing syndrome

b) Simmond's syndrome

c) Conn's syndrome

d) Addison disease


14. The thyroid gland secret T4 hormone, it is

a) Thyroxine

b) Tri-iodothyronine

c) Calcitonin

d) None of these


15. The laboratory finding in thyroid storm is

a) Normal thyroid hormones level

b) Decrease thyroid hormones

c) Increase thyroid hormones

d) None of these


16 A nurse explain Somogyi phenomenon to a diabetes patient by showing this sequence

a) Hyperglycemia ,hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia.

b) Hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia

c) Hyperglycemia, hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia

d) Hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, hyperglycemia


17. A diabetic person become hypoglycemic & unconscious, which medication can be given to the person to recover

a) Glucagon

b) Insulin

c) Potassium supplements

d) All of three


18. The 'C' cells of thyroid gland secrets

a) Triiodothyronine

b) Thyroxine

c) Calcitonin

d) Iodine


20. Rothera's test is used to detect

a) Blood glucose

b) Blood ketones

c) Urinary glucose

d) Urinary ketones


21. Pituitary gland is located in

a) Sella turcica

b) Glenoid cavity

c) Acetabulum

d) Thoracic cavity


22) Which gland is located near the 2nd cranial nerve

a) Pituitary gland

b) Thyroid gland

c) Adrenal gland

d) Thymus gland


23. Buffalo hump is characteristics finding of

a) Down syndrome

b) Turner syndrome

c) Cushing syndrome

d) Klinefelter syndrome


(24) Calcitonin hormone is secreted by the

a) Follicular cells

b) Parafollicular cells

c) Both

d) Parathyroid gland


25. Hypoparathyroidism is characterized by

a) Decrease serum Ca & P04

b) Decrease serum Ca & increase Po4

c) increase serum Ca & Po4

d) increase serum Ca & decrease Po4


26. Hypoglycemia is a condition when blood glucose level

decreases more then

a) 100mg/dl

b) 70mg/dl

c) 50mg/dl

d) 20mg/dl


27). A diabetic client needs regular check up of blood glucose, for which finger a nurse should advice to prick more

a) First finger

b) Middle finger

c) Ring finger

d) Index finger


28. A nurse is exanıining a hyperthyroidism case, which is not a clinical manifestation of hyperthyroidism

a) Weight gain

b) Increased BMR

c) Diarrhea

d) Exophthalmoses


29. Melatonin hormone is secreted by the

a) Pineal gland

b) Thymus gland

c) Thyroid gland

d) Skin


30. An insulin syringe measures

a) 10 units

b) 20 units

c) 30 units

d) 40 units


31. The size of pituitary gland is

a) Fist size

b) Grapes size

c) Pea size

d) Ball size


32. Hyperpituitarism in children can cause

a) Acromegaly

b) Galactorrhea

c) Simmonds disease

d) Gigantism


33.Conn's syndrome is an endocrine disorder which is characterized by

a) Moon face

b) Truncal obesity

c) Excessive hair growth

d) Hypertension


34. The excessive release of calcitonin causes

a) Decrease serum calcium level

b) Increase serum calcium level

c) Osteoarthritis

d) Spongy bones


35. A person is suffering from Tetany, a nurse should assume that tetany is a characteristics feature of

a) Hypothyroidism

b) Adrenocortical insufficiency

c) Hyperparathyroidism

d) Hypoparathyroidism


36. A person brought to casualty in an unconsciousness state, his blood glucose level is 35 mg/dl, the medicine most appropriate in that situation is

a) Insulin I/V

b) Glucagon IN

c) Glucagon S/C

d) Insulin S/C


37. A person is diagnosed as Graves disease, the most appropriate nursing action is

a) Maintain warm environment

b) Assess weight for any weight gain

c) Provide hair care

d) Provide cool environment


38 Which gland is responsible for coordination of circadian rhythm

a) Thymus

b) Pituitary

c) Pineal

d) Adrenal


39. Diabetic foot is a

a) Fibrous tissue disease

b) Vascular disease

c) Cartilage disease

d) Bone disease


40 Oxytocin hormone is Secreted by

a) Anterior pituitary gland

b) Posterior pituitary gland

c) Medulla oblongata

d) Hypothalamus


41. Which is a milk producing hormone

a) Oxytocin

b) Prolactine

c) Both

d) Progesterone


42. Pheochromocytoma is a

a) Malignant tumor of adrenal medulla

b) Malignancy of adrenal cortex

c) Malignancy of color determining cells

d) Benign tumor of adrenal medulla


43. Which is not an assessment finding of hypothyroidism

a) Heat intolerance

b) Weight gain

c) Dry skin

d) Edema around eyes & face


(44) Which endocrine disorder can cause pathological fracture of bones

a) Diabetes mellitus

b) Simmond's disease

c) Hypothyroidism

d) Hyperthyroidism


45. The acute complication of type 2 diabetes mellitus is

a) DKA


c) Diabetes nephropathy

d) Diabetes neuropathy


46. A person is hyperglycemic for a long period, which is the condition he/she may be suffered

a) Acidosis

b) Alkalosis .

c) Hydronephrosis

d) Hyponatremia


47. The excessive amount of calcitonin can cause

a) Hypocalcemia

b) Hypercalcemia

c) Osteoporosis

d) Fragile bone syndrome


48. Islets of langerhans of pancreatic gland is

a) Endocrine

b) Exocrine

c) Both

d) None


49. The maturation of lymphocytes occurs in the presence of which hormone

a) Thymosin

b) Melatonin

c) Thyroxin

d) None of above


50. The hormone not secreted by anterior pituitary gland is

a) FSH

b) LH

c) Oxytocin

d) Prolactin


51. Diabetes insipidus is an endocrine disorder of

a) Hyper secretion of ADH

b) Hypo secretion of ADH

c) Hyper secretion of insulin

d) Hyper secretion of glucagon


52. The tumor of body produces more catecholamine is

a) Carcinoma

b) Pheochromocytoma

c) Adenoma

d) Melanoma


53. All of the things should be included in the nursing intervention for hypothyroidism except

a) Low calorie & low cholesterol diet

b) Provide warm environment to patient

c) Monitoring vital sign

d) Low roughage & less fluids


54. Chvostek's & Trousseau's sign is present in Disorder

a) Hypothyroidism

b) Hypoparathyroidism

c) Conn's disease

d) Hypopituitarism


55. A diabetic person develops DKA, which kind of respiration pattern is appropriate for such a patient mentioned in nurse's record

a) Kassumaal's respiration

b) Rapid shallow respiration

c) Cheyne-stoke respiration

d) Anulom-vilom respiration


56. A type 1 diabetic patient is on insulin therapy, which electrolyte investigation should be carried out frequently

a) Sodium

b) Potassium

c) Magnesium

d) Chloride


57. Graefe's sign is present in the patients suffering from

a) Conn's disease

b) Sinamond's disease

c) Cushing syndrome

d) Grave's disease


58. The hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland is

a) ADH

b) PRL

c) MSH

d) TSH


59. A nurse understand about SIADH (syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone) that all the features are present except

a) Excess ADH

b) Hyponatremia

c) Hypertension

d) Bradycardia


60. Urinary report of a patient shows vanillylmandelic acid & elevated catecholamine level, what diagnosis you will interpret

a) Systemic lupus erythematosus

b) Glomerulonephritis

c) Pheochromocytoma

d) Brain tumor


61. Myxedema coma is an endocrine disorder due to

a) Increase thyroid activity

b) Decrease thyroid activity

c) Tumor of medulla oblongata

d) Adrenal insufficiency


62. Diabetes mellitus is an endocrine disorder that is caused by –

a) Increase insulin

b) Decrease insulin

c) Increase glucagon

d) Decrease glucagon


63) What should not be included in your nursing advice to a diabetic patient regarding care of foot

a) Wash feet with lukewarm water

b) Don't crosses legs

c) Apply moisturizing lotion between toes

d) Cut toenails strait


64. Acromegaly is caused by

a) Increase pituitary functioning

b) Decrease pituitary functioning

c) Increased thyroid stimulation

d) Increased adrenal cortex activity


65. A nurse is explaining about various type of goiter in a community, the most correct response regarding causes of Endemic goiter given by a community person is

a) Antithyroid drugs

b) Thyroid tumor

c) Genetic factor

d) Iodine deficiency


66. The hormone glucagon is secreted by which cells of pancreases

a) Alfa cells

b) Beta cells

c) Delta cells

d) All of these

answer-: A

67. The hormone not produced by the hypothalamus is

a) GnRH

b) Somatostatin

c) Melanocyte inhibitory hormone

d) Thyroid stimulating hormone


68. The drug of choice for the management of diabetes insipidus is

a) insulin therapy

b) Oral hypoglycemic

c) Desmopressin acetate

d) 50 % dextrose with insulin


69. A person is diagnosed as pheochromocytoma, the primary attention should be given towards

a) Management of hypertension

b) Management of sugar level –

c) Dietary management include high calorie, vitamin & minerals

d) ABC analysis


(70) Which is not a clinical finding in myxedema coma

a) Hypertension

b) Bradycardia

c) Hyponatremia

d) Hypoglycemia


71. Which kind of diabetes is insulin dependent

a) Type-1

b) Type-2

c) Diabetes insipidus

d) All of three


72. A person suffering from hypertonic dehydration , it means his

a) Electrolyte loss exceeds water loss

b) Water loss exceed electrolyte loss

c) Water & electrolyte losses are proportional

d) None of above


73. The anatomical location of thyroid gland is at the level of the

a) Thoracic vertebra

b) Lower cervical vertebra

c) Upper cervical vertebra

d) Complete cervical region


74. Which serum electrolyte should be assessed in a person having parathyroid gland disorders

a) Sodium

b) Potassium

c) Calcium

d) Chloride


75). An obese person is at more risk to develop



c) Hypoglycemia

d) All of above


76. In a case of hyperthyroidism, the following lab findings 84. are suggestive

a) Increased T3, increased T4, increased TSH

b) Decreased T3, decreased T4, decreased TSH

c) Increased T3, decreased T4, decreased TSH

d) Increased T3 , increased T4, decreased TSH


77. The hypo functioning of adrenal cortex can cause

a) Cushing's syndrome

b) Simmond's syndrome

c) Conn's syndrome

d) Addison's disease


78. During preoperative counseling of a patient undergoing bilateral adrenalectomy, a nurse should explain the patient that

a) Lifelong glucocorticoid & mineralocorticoid replacement is vital

b) At least 5 years glucocorticoid & mineralocorticoid

is required externally

c) After surgery hypertension may occur

d) Not to be worry about any blood loss during surgery


79. Toxic diffuse goiter is an endocrine disorder which is also known as

a) Hyperthyroidism :

b) Hypothyroidism

c) Epidemic thyroidism

d) Endemic thyroidism


80. The major risk factor of diabetes mellitus is (AIIMS)

a) Smoking

b) Alcoholic intake

c) Autoimmunity

d) Obesity


81. Phenylketonuria is a

a) Endocrine disorder

b) Autosomal recessive disorder

c)Autosomal dominant disorder

(d) Viral infectious disorder


82. The structure by which two lobes of thyroid gland are attached

a) Vermis

b) Corpus callosum

c) Isthmus

d) Interstitial


83. Tetany may be caused by

a) Hypercalcemia

b) Hyperparathyroidism

c) Hypoparathyroidism

d) A & C both


84. Increased thirst in diabetes mellitus is termed as

a) Polyurea

b) Polyphagia

c) Polydipsia

d) Poltthirstia


85.The normal range of T 4 hormone is

a) 90-200 mg/dl –

b) 6-lo mcg/dl

c).8-2.4 mg/dl

d) 0.2-5.4 microunit/ml


86. All are the clinical finding in addison's disease except

a) Hyperglycemia

b) Hyponatremia

c) Hyperkalemia

d) Postural hypotension


87. After adrenalectomy blood should be examined routinely for

a) Sugar

b) Protein

c) WBC

d) Hemoglobin


88. Exophthalmoses is characteristic feature of which Disorder

a) Cushing syndrome

b) Graves disease

c) Gonorrheal conjunctivitis

d) Addison disease


89. Which is not a characteristic manifestation of diabetes mellitus (PGI)

a) Polyurea

b) Polyphagia

c) Polydipsia

d) Weight gain


90. Which dietary restriction should be implemented for a client with phenylketonuria

a) Low fat

b) Low protein

c) High carbohydrate

d) Low minerals


91. The weight of thyroid gland is

a) 25 gm

b) 50 gm

c) 75 gm

d) 100 gm



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