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nutrition mcq quiz part-2 -

1. The most important indicator of health status in India is

a) MMR

b) IMR

c) NMR

d) PMR

Answer-b ( Infant mortality is to be considered as most important health indicators of any country )

mp cho paper 2020-

2. A girl regularly doing BSE (breast self-examination), which level of disease prevention she is following

a) Primordial

b) Primary

c) Secondary

d) Tertiary

Answer-c ( BSE is a screening or carly detection of any growth or lump in a breast which comes under secondary prevention )

3. After knee above amputation of a 30 year male , aiims foot was implanted to patient, this is a

a) Primordial prevention

b) Primary prevention

c) Secondary prevention

d) Tertiary prevention

Answer-d (Implanting aiims foot is a tertiary level of prevention In tertiary level rehabilitation & disability limitation included )

4. After mastectomy breast prosthesis was implanted for figurement of breast is a

a) Primordial prevention

b) Primary prevention

c) Secondary prevention

d) Tertiary prevention

Answer-d (Breast prosthesis is also rehabilitative measure which includes in tertiary prevention )

5. The employee state insurance act came in to force in

a) 1946

b) 1948

c) 1962

d) 1992


6. The choice of drug given to carriers of diphtheria is

a) Penicillin

b) Augmentin

c) Erythromycin

d) Amoxicilline

Answer -c (Erythromycin is the choice of drug for carriers & penicillin is the choice of drug for cases of diphtheria )

7. Which is not a name of whooping cough

a) Pertussis

b) 100 days cough

c) 90 days cough

d) Barking cough

Answer -c (A whooping cough is named as pertussis, 100 days cough & barking cough )

8. The regional level of health institution comes under

a) Primary care level

b) Secondary care level

c) Tertiary care level

d) All of these

Answer-c (A regional level hospital is at the level of medical college or a central level hospital which provide tertiary level )

9. The total staff at CHC is

a) 6

b) 10-15

c) 20-25

d) 45-50

Answer-c (Staff at CHC is about 20-25 while at PHC it is 15 )

10. The main cause of death of children age between 1 to 12 month is

a) Low birth weight

b) Congenital malformation

c) Inappropriate weaning

d) Diarrhea

Answer-d ( Diarrhea is a leading cause of death of children age group 1 to 12 months. For the neonate ( 0-04 weeks) low birth weight is a primary cause of death. )

11. Essential health care is

a) Primary health care

b) Secondary health care

c) Tertiary health care

d) All of these

Answer-a (The primary health care is the first level of health care & also termed as essential health care )

12. Which is not a principle of primary health care

a) Equitable distribution

b) MCH care & Immunization

c) Community participation

d). Appropriate technology

Answer-b (MCH care & immunization is a function of primary health care.

The principles of primary health care are

Equitable distribution

Community participation

Intersectoral coordination

Appropriate technology )

13. The training schedule for Village health guide is

a) 3 months

b) 6 months

c) 9 months

d) 12 months

Answer-a (Village health guide is trained for 200 hours or 3 months )

14. One village health guide is recommended per

a) 500 population

b) 1000 pop

c) 1500 pop

d) 2000 pop

Answer-b (Per 1000 of population 1 village health guide is recommended )

15. For trained birth attendants(TBA) the recommended training period is

a) 30 days

b) 300 days

c) 6 months

d) 9 months

Answer-a ( 30 days training period is necessary for training of TBA at PHC )

16. The first referral level health care delivery institution


a) Sub centre

b) PHỤ

c) CHC

d) District hospital

Answer-c (Community health centre is first level of referral hospitals )

17. Which health care personnel was introduced under ICDS scheme

a) VHG

b) ТВА

c) ANW

d) MPW

Answer-c (Anganwadi worker was introduced under Integrated Child Development Scheme )

18. The training schedule for angan wadi worker is

a) 3 month

b) 4 month

c) 5 month

d) 6 month

Answer-b (A 4 month training period is necessary for ANW )

19. The main focus of primordial level of prevention is

a) Early diagnosis

b) Early treatment

c) Immunization & health educations

d) Lifestyle modification

Answer-d (Primordial modification is prevention level before primary prevention that includes modification of life styles, adopting healthy life styles to prevent the future problems )

20. Each sub centre should cover the total population

a) 1000-3000

b) 3000-5000

c) 15,000-20,000

d) 1,00,000-1,20,000

Answer-b (A sub center is a health care centre that covers a population of 3000 in hilly arcas & 5000 in urban areas. PHC covers 20-25,000 population while CHC covers 1-1,20,000 population )

21. The total health care staff at PHC is

a) 10

b) 15

c) 20

d) 25

Answer-b (A PHC should have 15 staff )

22.. The contact period for chlorination of water is

(AIIMS, 2010)

a) 30 min

b) 60 min

c) 90 min

d) 100 min

Answer -b (The period of contact of water with chlorine should be 60 min ( 1 hour) for effective chlorination )

23. The required amount of chlorine to disinfect one liter of water is

a) 0.5 mg

b) 1 mg

c) 5 mg

d) 10 mg

Answer -a ( 0.5 mg chlorine is enough to meet the chlorine demand of 1 L water )

24. A patient comes to doctor with dysphagia, sore throat,

& bull neck appearance, what may be the possible diagnosis

a) Diphtheria

b) Munips

c) Measles

d) Pertussis

Answer -a (A diphtheria infected person is characterized by sore throat, fever, dysphagia & Bull Neck appearance )

25. The target of achievement of millennium development goal is

a) 2010

b) 2012

c) 2015

d) 2020


26. The method of identifying the missing cases is known as

a) Search surveillance

b) Sentinel surveillance

c) Operational surveillance

d) None of these

Answer-b ( Sentinel surveillance is identification of missed cases )

27. Ecology is a branch of science that include

a) Relationship of human beings

b) Relationship of living organism & environment

c) Study of environment imbalances

d) Study of sounds produced in echo

Answer-b (Ecology is a science which deals with the study of human being with its environment)

28. A vaccine is called as attenuated, it means

a) Killed

b) Virulence weakened

c) Live & pathogenic in certain circumstances

d) Incubated in laboratory

Answer-b (Attenuation of vaccine means the pathogenesis ability of organism weakens but pathogens are live )

29. Which is not a true statement about Anthrax

a) A bacterial infection

b) Route of spread is direct contact, inhalation & oral

c) Confirmatory diagnosis based upon sputum culture

d) Treatment is antibiotic therapy

Answer -c

30. To attain 2 children norm the NRR should be

a) 1

b) 2

c) 3

d) 4

Answer-1 ( If net reproduction rate is 1 it means 2 children norm )

31. The numerator in perinatal mortality rate is

a) Pregnant mothers

b) Fetus & neonates

c) Total live birth in a given year

d) Postnatal mothers

Answer-b (Perinatal mortality rate is late fetal death & early neonatal death in a given year per 1000 of live birth in the same year. In this numerator is fetal & neonatal death while denominator is total live birth in a year )

32. The term morbidity means

a) Death

b) InCurable illness

c) Sickness

d) Loss of occupation

Answer-c (Morbidity is sickness while mortality is death )

33. Incidence of any disease means

a) All the current cases( new+old)

b) New cases

c) Total hidden cases in community

d) None of these

Answer-b ( Incidence of any disease is the new cascs present in a definitive area while prevalence is total number of cases included new one & old cases also )

34. The unexpected occurrences of any disease in a community is termed as

a) Epidemic

b) Hyperendemic

C) Pandemic

d) Holoeendemic

Answer-a (Unexpected outburst of any disease is epidemic. Endemic is usual expected high occurrence of a disease, & if a disease is worldwide occurrence it is pandemic )

35. The term Endemic means

a) Outbreak of disease

b) Excess of expected occurrences

c) Usual occurrences

d) Epidemic affecting large population

Answer-c (Endemic is usual occurrences )

36. High levels of infections beginning early in life, commonly affecting the pediatric populations, are …


a) Epidemic

b) Hyperendemic

c) Holoendemic

d) Pandemic

Answer-c (Holoendemic is disease in a particular community or age group )

37. Polio is a sporadic disease, it means

a) Transmission through fecal-oral route

b) It's a spore forming bacterial disease

c) It's a scattered disease

d) It's imported from neighbored country

Answer-c (The sporadic means scattered distribution )

38. Swine flu is an exotic disease, the exotic means

a) Transmitted through HINI virus

b) Imported from outside country

c) Transmitted through respiratory route

d) None of these


39. Pap smear's examination to detect the cervical cancer is considered as

(PGI, Chandigarh)

a) Primordial prevention

b) Primary prevention

c) Secondary prevention

d) Tertiary prevention

Answer-c (All the screening examinations are secondary prevention )

40. Health care associated disease is also known as

a) Nosocomial disease

b) Opportunistic disease

c) Idiopathic disease

d) iatrogenic disease

Answer -a (Nosocomial infection is an infection a person acquires from a hospital setting. If occurs after 48 hours )

41. The first case came to attention to the investigator is

a) Index case

b) Primary case

c) Secondary case

d) A & B both

Answer -a (Index case is the first case that came into contact with the investigator. A primary case is first case of communicable disease in population while secondary cases are cases got the infection afterward )

42. In smallpox the sequence of typical skin rashes appearance is

a) Pustule-vesicle-papule-macule

b) Macule-papule-vesicle-pustule

c) Macule-vesicle-papule-pustule

d) Vesicle-macule-papule-pustule

Answer -b (The onset of skin lesions are in a sequence of macule first than papule , than vesicle & in last pustules are present )

43. The maternal mortality rate is expressed in (ESI)

a) 1000

b) 10,000

c) 1,00,000

d) 10,00,000

Answer -c

44. The most leading cause of MMR in India is

a) Infections

b) Abortions

c) Hemorrhage

d) Ectopic pregnancy

Answer -c (Hemorrhage accounts for 25 % of MMR, the primary cause of maternal death )

45. The causative organism of chickenpox is

a) Myxovirus

b) Variola

c) Varicella

d) Togavirus

Answer -c (Chickenpox is caused by varicella zoster virus )

46. Koplik spot is a characteristic feature of

a) Smallpox

b) Chickenpox

c) Measles

d) Rubella

Answer -c ( Koplik spot is red rashes with white center at the buccal mucosa present in measles )

47. Measles vaccine is a

a) Killed vaccine

b) Live vaccine

c) Toxoid

d) Immunoglobulin

Answer -b (Measles vaccine is a live attenuated vaccine given at 9 month of age )

48. Which is not correct regarding measles vaccine

a) 0.5 mil

b) 9 month

c) I.M.

d) 2-8 C

Answer -c ( The route of measles vaccine is subcutaneous not intramuscular. It is a live vaccine. The doses are 0.5 ml & stored at 2-8 C )

49. The another name of German measles is

a) Rubeola

b) Rubella

c) Influenza

d) 100 days cough

Answer -b

50. A patient come to doctor with inflammation of parotid

glands, earache & fever, what may be the possible diagnosis

a) Chickenpox

b) Measles

c) German measles

d) Mumps

Answer -d (All the features presented by person is characteristics of mumps )

Nursing Officer

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